Your Step-by-Step Guide: How to Become a Cybercrime Investigator

In today’s digital landscape, cybercrime is an ever-growing threat to individuals, businesses, and governments worldwide. As the scale and complexity of these crimes continue to evolve, so does the demand for skilled professionals dedicated to combating them. Enter the cybercrime investigator, a crucial player in the fight against cybercriminals. If you’re fascinated by the world of cybersecurity and have a penchant for investigative work, then a career as a cybercrime investigator could be your calling. Let us guide you through the essential steps on how to become a cybercrime investigator, and embark on this exciting and rewarding journey.

Key Takeaways

  • Exploring the role of a cybercrime investigator and educational pathways to pursue

  • Core subjects, advanced studies & certifications for aspiring investigators

  • Job roles, advancement opportunities & salary insights in the field

Exploring the Role of a Cybercrime Investigator

A cybercrime investigator analyzing electronic evidence in a high-tech environment

A cybercrime investigator is responsible for:

  • Handling investigations and analyses pertaining to cybercrime incidents

  • Investigating cyber attacks, hacking, identity theft, fraud, or other cyber-related offenses

  • Identifying perpetrators and collecting evidence that can be used in a court of law

  • Working in various sectors, specializing in criminal and counterintelligence investigations

  • Utilizing their expertise in apprehending cyber criminals and safeguarding sensitive information

Becoming a successful cybercrime investigator requires proficiency in the following:

  • Threat hunting

  • Security information and event management (SIEM)

  • Anomaly detection

  • Network firewalls

  • Counterintelligence

These professionals possess intellectual, introspective, and curious qualities, coupled with methodical, rational, analytical, and logical thinking. With their specialized skills in analytical and investigative techniques, cybercrime investigators play a pivotal role in protecting businesses, governments, and individuals from the ever-increasing threats of cybercrime.

Educational Pathways to Cybercrime Investigation

A person studying computer science and cybersecurity for cybercrime investigation

Aspiring cybercrime investigators need a solid educational foundation. A bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, cybersecurity, or computer science is typically the initial requirement for this profession. Studying criminal justice equips them with the skills to analyze electronic evidence and investigate cybercrimes, while a degree in computer science or cybersecurity provides them with the technical knowledge necessary to understand physical and physiological behaviors of criminals.

In the following subsections, we will delve deeper into the core subjects and advanced studies that can help you develop the expertise needed to excel in this field.

Core Subjects for Aspiring Investigators

A cybercrime investigator’s success hinges on a strong foundation in core subjects like computer science, information security, and cybersecurity. Studying criminal justice is particularly important, as it equips them with a comprehensive understanding of the legal system, criminal behavior, and investigative techniques. This knowledge allows investigators to effectively process cybercrime cases, collect evidence, and ensure that all investigative procedures are properly followed.

On the other hand, studying cybersecurity provides the necessary knowledge and skills to:

  • Understand and analyze cyber threats, vulnerabilities, and attack techniques

  • Equip one with expertise in areas such as network security, digital forensics, incident response, and risk assessment

  • Investigate and prevent cybercrimes

In addition, a strong background in computer science is of paramount importance, as it furnishes the requisite knowledge and abilities to comprehend the technical facets of cybercrime, such as computer networks, programming languages, and data analysis.

Advanced Studies and Specializations

Though a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field is generally the baseline, pursuing an advanced degree or specialization can elevate your qualifications and open doors to better job opportunities and higher salaries. Noteworthy universities offering advanced degrees or specializations in Cybercrime Investigation include:

  • Michigan State University

  • University of Findlay

  • Liberty University

  • University of California Berkeley

  • Tufts University

  • Old Dominion University

  • Georgia Southern University

Given the industry’s dynamic nature, keeping up-to-date with the latest cybersecurity news and trends is vital, in addition to pursuing advanced degrees. Here are some ways to stay informed and demonstrate your commitment to the industry:

  • Familiarize yourself with the latest scholarly journals and papers

  • Become involved with professional cybersecurity organizations

  • Participate in internships

By following these steps, you can keep your knowledge up to date and show your dedication to the field.

Certifications That Elevate Your Profile

A set of professional certifications for cybercrime investigators

Although not explicitly required, earning certifications in cybercrime investigation can significantly benefit your career. Certifications such as the IACRB Certified Computer Forensics Examiner (CCFE) offer comprehensive training courses that can help you acquire the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in the field.

In the following subsections, we will explore how to choose the right certification and maintain relevance in your chosen area of expertise.

Choosing the Right Certification

Choosing the right certification is crucial in a cybercrime investigation career. It equips individuals with the skills and knowledge needed to understand cyber attackers’ mindset and protect organizations against emerging threats. When selecting a certification, one should consider factors such as:

  • Level of experience

  • Specialization

  • Industry recognition

  • Updates and renewal requirements

  • Alignment to applicable industry standards

Some popular certifications include Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and CompTIA Security+. Each certification has its own focus and benefits, so it’s essential to research and select the one that best aligns with your career goals and interests. For example, the CEH certification is geared towards penetration testing, while the CISSP certification focuses on the implementation and operation of cybersecurity systems.

Maintaining Certification Relevance

In the rapidly changing field of cybersecurity, keeping your certifications current is key to remaining relevant and competitive in the job market. A cybercrime investigator who maintains relevant certifications can:

  • Validate their expertise

  • Stay abreast of the latest trends

  • Increase their credibility

  • Create career opportunities

  • Develop professional connections

Most certifications for cybercrime investigators need to be renewed periodically, with the renewal period varying depending on the certification. Generally, they must be renewed every few years. The renewal process typically involves completing a knowledge review or exam within a specified timeframe, and some certifications may require attending specific events or conferences. By staying current with your certifications, you can demonstrate your commitment to the industry and enhance your career prospects.

Gaining Real-World Experience

A cybercrime investigator collaborating with law enforcement agencies in a global context

Gaining hands-on experience is pivotal to kickstart a successful career as a cybercrime investigator. Entry-level positions and internships can provide valuable opportunities for you to gain practical experience and build a strong foundation in the field.

In the following subsections, we will explore various entry-level positions and internships, as well as the benefits of collaborating with other law enforcement agencies to gain diverse experience in cybercrime investigation.

Entry-Level Positions and Internships

Organizations may provide entry-level opportunities for those interested in cybersecurity investigation, where they would collaborate with clients and law enforcement in the event of suspected cybercrime. Potential entry-level positions for aspiring cybercrime investigators include:

  • Analyst

  • Coordinator

  • IT support specialist

  • SOC analyst

  • System administrator

At an entry-level position, duties typically involve investigating and analyzing cybercrime incidents, such as hacking, identity theft, and security incident-related fraud.

Internships in the field of cybercrime investigation are highly advantageous. They offer students and recent graduates the opportunity to gain practical experience in conducting cybercrime investigations, working with state-of-the-art tools and technologies, and collaborating with experienced professionals in the field. Furthermore, internships can provide individuals with an invaluable network of contacts and a more competitive resume, thus increasing their chances of finding employment.

Some organizations that offer internships for cybercrime investigation include the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and a number of non-government cybersecurity companies and organizations.

Collaboration with Other Law Enforcement Agencies

Collaborating with other law enforcement agencies in cybercrime investigation is of great importance, as it allows for:

  • The exchange of resources, expertise, and information

  • A more comprehensive and organized way of addressing cybercrime

  • Different agencies bringing unique viewpoints and capabilities to the situation

  • Law enforcement agencies capitalizing on each other’s strengths

  • Efficiently combating the developing threats posed by cybercriminals

By working together, law enforcement agencies can effectively combat cybercrime.

Moreover, collaboration with private industries and security vendors is essential to obtain intelligence, share best practices, and devise novel strategies to avert and address cybercrime incidents. Law enforcement entities such as Europol, Interpol, the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the UK National Crime Agency (NCA), and the US Secret Service are known to collaborate with cybercrime investigators. By partnering with these agencies, cybercrime investigators can bolster their experience and skills, exchange information and resources, access specialized tools and technologies, gain a broader perspective on cybercrime trends and patterns, and ultimately strengthen the response to cybercrime.

Skill Set Development for Cybercrime Investigators

A cybercrime investigator demonstrating technical proficiency in cybersecurity

For cybercrime investigators to excel, they need to develop a well-rounded skill set that blends technical proficiency, investigative capabilities, and soft skills.

In the following subsections, we will delve into the essential skills required for success in this field, including technical proficiency in cybersecurity, enhancing investigative capabilities, and cultivating soft skills that make a difference.

Technical Proficiency in Cybersecurity

Technical proficiency is a fundamental requirement for success in cybersecurity. Cybercrime investigators need to be proficient in coding and possess a comprehensive understanding of computer systems and networks. Essential technical skills for a cybercrime investigator include:

  • Computer forensics

  • Network security

  • Malware analysis

  • Data recovery

  • Incident response

  • Cyber threat intelligence

  • Digital forensics tools

  • Programming and scripting

Python is the most beneficial programming language for cybersecurity professionals. Additionally, understanding cryptography is of utmost importance, as it guarantees the accuracy of data, facilitates secure communication, and is a fundamental element in safeguarding digital assets. By mastering these technical skills, you can significantly enhance your capabilities as a cybercrime investigator.

Enhancing Investigative Capabilities

Investigative capabilities are a core aspect of a cybercrime investigator’s skill set. Sharpening critical thinking and problem-solving capabilities is imperative, as it enables investigators to recognize, evaluate, and address intricate cybercrime cases. These abilities also aid investigators in thinking critically, making informed decisions, and adapting to changing cyber threats.

A variety of investigative strategies are employed in cybercrime investigation, such as forensic analysis of digital evidence, recovery of file systems of hacked computers, acquisition of data for analysis, and utilization of specialized tools and techniques for investigation. Understanding cybercriminal behavior can prove beneficial in enhancing investigative capabilities by providing valuable insights into the motives, methods, and patterns of cybercriminals. This understanding enables investigators to anticipate and identify potential threats, devise effective strategies for prevention and detection, and gather evidence to support criminal prosecutions.

Soft Skills That Make a Difference

In addition to technical and investigative skills, a successful cybercrime investigator also possesses essential soft skills that make a difference in their daily work. Some of these skills include:

  • Curiosity

  • Persistence

  • Strong communication

  • Information use

  • Critical thinking

These skills are crucial for a cybercrime investigator.

Curiosity provides a cybercrime investigator with the ability to question, investigate supplementary data, and elucidate the causes of a particular incident. Persistence is essential for investigators to remain determined and focused on their investigations, as cybercrime investigations can be intricate and lengthy.

Moreover, strong communication skills are vital for conveying complex information in a clear and concise manner, collaborating effectively with colleagues, and presenting findings to various stakeholders. By cultivating these soft skills, you can further excel in your career as a cybercrime investigator.

The Cybercrime Investigator Career Trajectory

A cybercrime investigator’s career trajectory is dynamic and multifaceted, providing numerous opportunities for growth and specialization. In the following subsections, we will explore the numerous job roles and responsibilities, as well as the advancement opportunities available in this exciting field.

Job Roles and Responsibilities

The job roles and responsibilities of a cybercrime investigator may vary depending on the sector and industry in which they are employed. In the law enforcement sector, they are responsible for:

  • Investigating incidents of cybercrime

  • Gathering evidence from computer systems

  • Analyzing data

  • Identifying and tracking cybercriminals

  • Collaborating with other law enforcement agencies and cybersecurity professionals

  • Providing expert testimony in court cases related to cybercrime.

In the corporate sector, additional responsibilities may include protecting the company’s sensitive information and systems, conducting internal investigations, and providing recommendations for improving cybersecurity measures. In the finance industry, their duties include investigating and analyzing cybercrime incidents such as hacking, identity theft, and fraud, collecting evidence related to cybercrimes, assisting in the prosecution of cybercriminals, ensuring compliance with laws and regulations governing financial institutions, and securing digital evidence at the scene of a cybercrime.

In the tech industry, the job roles of a cybercrime investigator may vary depending on the organization they work for, and their daily duties may include analyzing viruses, phishing attacks, and computer systems.

Advancement Opportunities

As you gain experience and expertise in the field of cybercrime investigation, there are ample opportunities for advancement, including higher-level positions and leadership roles. Typical career progression steps involve:

  1. Obtaining a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, cybersecurity, or computer science.

  2. Gaining experience as part of a cybersecurity team.

  3. Honing skills in areas such as technical writing and forensics software.

  4. Acquiring relevant certifications.

  5. Advancing in the career through years of professional experience and knowledge.

Cybercrime investigators can aspire to attain higher-level positions such as senior cybercrime investigator, cybercrime analyst, cybercrime consultant, or even management positions within cybersecurity departments or law enforcement agencies. To progress to leadership roles, qualifications typically required include a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or cybersecurity, experience in law enforcement or a related field, specialized knowledge in digital forensics or cybercrime investigation, and strong leadership skills to effectively manage and lead a team of cybersecurity experts.

Salary Insights and Industry Demand

Cybercrime investigators earn an average cybercrime investigator salary of $90,725, typically ranging between $90,000 and $100,000. Several factors can influence the salary of a cybercrime investigator, such as:

  • Level of education

  • Certifications

  • Years of experience

  • Industry in which they are employed

The demand for cybercrime investigators is anticipated to be highly sought after, as the proliferation of technology and the corresponding rise in cybercrimes necessitate skilled professionals to combat these threats. The Supply/Demand Heat Map from Cyberseek reveals that the supply of cybersecurity workers is very low, with only 464,420 job openings. This indicates a significant demand for experienced professionals in this field. This high demand signifies ample opportunities for individuals pursuing a career as a cybercrime investigator.

Navigating the Hiring Landscape

Securing the right job opportunity as a cybercrime investigator can seem daunting. However, with the right approach and resources, you can successfully navigate the hiring landscape.

Some strategies to consider include:

  • Utilizing job search platforms such as ZipRecruiter and USAJOBS to locate cybercrime investigator positions

  • Networking with professionals in the industry to discover job opportunities and expand your professional network

  • Attending industry events and conferences to connect with potential employers and learn about job openings

By implementing these strategies, you can increase your chances of finding the right job opportunity as a cybercrime investigator.

The hiring process for cybercrime investigators typically involves a combination of education, training, and experience in cybersecurity and law enforcement. Entry-level positions may be available with companies that employ teams of investigators, and joining a cybersecurity or computer science team can provide practical work experience in the field. The entire hiring process can take approximately one year or longer.

Be prepared to showcase your skills and accomplishments, as recruiters typically seek individuals with:

  • Computer skills

  • Critical thinking

  • Organization

  • Communication

  • Familiarity with common devices

  • The capacity to quickly learn new technology

  • Legal knowledge

When considering a career change, many people wonder how to become a cybercrime investigator. This field offers exciting opportunities and challenges, making it an attractive option for those with a passion for technology and justice. When hiring a cyber crime investigator, it’s essential to look for candidates with the right skills, experience, and qualifications to tackle the complex world of cybercrime. One resource for both aspiring investigators and victims of cybercrime is the internet crime complaint center, which provides valuable information and support.

Building a Professional Network

In the field of cybercrime investigation, it’s vital to build a robust professional network. A well-established network can help you stay informed about the latest threats, solutions, and technologies in the cybersecurity domain, as well as provide access to job opportunities and valuable resources. To build a robust professional network, consider attending industry events and conferences, joining professional organizations such as the Association for Executives in Healthcare Information Security (AEHIS) and the Association of Information Security Professionals (AISP), and utilizing online platforms for networking and collaboration.

Collaborating with colleagues, participating in training and workshops, and engaging in mentorship opportunities can also contribute to building a strong professional network in the field of cybercrime investigation. By fostering professional relationships and staying active in the community, you can expand your knowledge, enhance your skills, and increase your chances of success in this challenging and rewarding career.


In conclusion, a career as a cybercrime investigator offers a unique blend of technical expertise, investigative prowess, and the opportunity to make a real difference in the fight against cybercrime. By pursuing relevant education, obtaining certifications, gaining hands-on experience, developing a well-rounded skill set, and building a strong professional network, you can set yourself up for success in this rewarding and in-demand field. With determination, persistence, and continuous learning, you can rise to the challenges of cybercrime investigation and play a crucial role in safeguarding our digital world.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does a cyber threat investigator do?

A cyber threat investigator is a computer crime specialist who gathers evidence of unlawful activities from computer systems in order to identify, collect and seize documentary or physical evidence. Their primary goal is to stop cybercriminals by recovering and processing evidence that can be used to prosecute them in court.

Is cybercrime a good career?

Cybercrime can be a lucrative and rewarding career, with ample opportunities for growth. The job outlook for cybersecurity alone is predicted to grow 32 percent over the next decade, far exceeding that of most other industries.

What is a cyber crime analyst?

A cybercrime analyst is responsible for collecting and analyzing evidence related to internet-based malware-related crimes, as well as responding to security breaches. They anticipate and defend against cyber threats and work to protect computer networks from unauthorized access.

What is the job outlook for a cyber crime investigator?

With the threat of cyberattacks increasing, the demand for cybercrime investigators is high. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of information security analysts, a similar role, is expected to grow by 35 percent from 2021 to 2031, indicating a positive outlook for cyber crime investigators.

What educational credentials are typically sought for a cybercrime investigator?

A bachelor’s degree in criminal justice or cybersecurity is typically required for a cybercrime investigator, while a degree in computer science may be beneficial. Additionally, studying criminal justice helps cybercrime investigators understand the physical and physiological behaviors of criminals, aiding them in their investigations.

Scroll to Top